I PAALU SOLAR PLANT
Under the program Colciencias Ideas for change, provision of safe water was proposed to the Kamusuchiwo community located in the area of Crescent, Alta Guajira, given the desert conditions water scarcity is permanent, the only contribution drinking water is Cerrejon company that supplies the resource by tank car, however this water supply is not sufficient and does not reach the vital minimum recommended by the wHO: 50 lt / person / day. The initiative also had the support of the University of Wuppertal, Germany, donating two solar refrigerators and entire solar photovoltaic system for the operation of the solar plant planta.La water has the name I PAALU has a booth plot in which 6 solar panels that provide electricity plant to operate the hydraulic system, lighting system and the automation system were installed. About ten meters from the sea, a deep well of 4 m depth from which water is extracted to lead to elevated tank located in solar house was built. About 5 meters from the well pump room is with a solar panel that powers the hydraulic pump.
The main component of the plant is 12 distillers who are converting seawater into drinking water through evaporation and condensation, the water produced is fed to a 500-liter tank where the water is ready and available for drinking. The plant is in its start-up phase, is being tracked for two months to observe the operation and the volume of water produced.
Another component are the two coolers 160 liters each, in which the community makes ice for use in the conservation of fish and to cool drinks. These coolers are operated by solar energy, the plant has 4 solar panels for this purpose, four batteries and two charge controllers, all these teams are part of the solar photovoltaic system. Steca brand refrigerators are only powered by solar energy and reaches temperatures of up to -14 ° C in freezer mode. The project was developed over a year in three specific phases: a phase of sociocultural characterization, an implementation phase of the technical proposal and finally a phase of monitoring and control of plant solar distillation and cooling system with panels solar.
Solar water plant has the name I PAALU, has a solar house in which 6 solar panels that provide electricity plant to operate the hydraulic system, lighting system and the automation system installed
The hydraulic system of the plant consists of a deep well that stores seawater, this well is located ten meters from the sea so the sands and gravels that are on this path function as a filter and retain solids and algae, then a 150 W solar pump sucks water from the well and drives 90 meters to the solar tank shed. The storage tank saltwater has a capacity of 2000 liters and is raised to 2 meters and medium terrain. Once the salt water in the tank, the distillers is distributed by an automation system which lights every 24 hours, by means of sensors located in the trays trays are filled to the brim, preventing water sea to overflow into distillers.
Once the salt water in the tank, the distillers is distributed by an automation system which lights every 24 hours, by means of sensors located in the trays trays are filled to the brim, preventing water sea to overflow into distillers. In the next picture we see the distillers operating at noon.
Operation and maintenance
Fundamntal as part of the solar plant, training sessions were conducted for the community to take care of the plant and thus this is sustainable over time for this, reponsables people from both the accounting management and system maintenance were appointed. Mr. Armando Gonzales was appointed plant manager and one of its tasks is to keep an accounting record of water and ice sold to the community.
Likewise reponsables for maintenance of the plant, a group of women d were designated ela community are responsible for cleaning the trays d elos destiladoress and a group of men is responsible for removing the domes and perform the d elos cleaning solar panels both of the house and the pumphouse